Julien Malaurent is an Associate professor in information systems at ESSEC since 2013. He is also the Academic Director of the METALAB for Data, Technology and Society and of the Executive Master in Digital Transformation at ESSEC. He achieved a Master's degree and a PhD from ESSEC in 2011, by analyzing how users from big international firms bypass information systems. His research is regularly published in specialized journals, such as Journal of Management of Information Systems, European Journal of Information Systems, Journal of Information Technology. He is also a redactor for the Information Systems Journal. Julien teaches in various programs of basic and continuing training on digital transformation.